Congenital vertical talus — Although surgery usually can correct poor alignment of foot bones, many children with congenital vertical talus have underlying disorders that cause muscle weakness or other problems that interfere with full recovery. Tarsal coalition — When shoe modifications are not effective, casting may help. When surgery is necessary, the prognosis depends on many factors, including which bones are fused, the specific type of surgery and whether there is any arthritis in the foot joints. njuries incurred during sports activities are incidents that athletesand coaches are accustomed to. These injuries can not only be painfulfor the athlete, but in many cases can disable the entire team. Fallen arches, commonly known as pes planus, is when the arch of the foot contacts the ground as a person stands. THE major muscle responsible for holding up the arch is the posterior tibialis muscle and it receives "instructions" to hold up the arch from the brain via the spinal cord, fifth lumbar nerve root (low back), the sciatic nerve, and finally through the tarsal tunnel as the tibial n. Ergo, any misalignment in the low back can "pinch" the nerve supply and cause the muscle to fail. Flat feet of a child are usually expected to develop into high or proper arches, as shown by feet of the mother. Most injuries to people happen in the ankle and foot areas from jogging or playing sports. Proper taping of the ankle and foot can reduce some of these injuries. There are many ways to protect your ankle form getting injured. You can buy ankle braces to support and prevent post injury ankle sprains. If you cannot get your ankle taped before exercise then ankle braces are a way to go. You can buy different types of braces from foam, ankle and foot braces are more effective in the prevention of injuries then not wearing anything to protect you ankle area. A bad taping job can hurt your ankle. Orthotics and motion control running shoes are one way to stay injury-free while running with fallen arches, but Puleo and Milroy note that strength training also can help. They maintain that weight training to strengthen your calf, quadriceps, hamstring, and gluteus muscles will help take stress caused by overpronation off of your knees, and let these muscles help in the stabilization process. Magnetic insoles are credited with relief from foot pain in many parts of the world. Whether or not the magnets really have pain relief effects, the soaring sales cannot be overlooked at all. The first way to spoil feet is to get a pedicure. This is a perfect way to take off any dead skin cells from the feet and toes as well as to restore moisture to the feet. Rehydration results from a pedicure because feet are soaked in water and then moisturized with lotion. If the salon offers the option of a warm foot bath with a special essential oil, that is an even better way to hydrate. As recommended by the American Podiatric Medical Association, sterile salon tools should always be used by the salon to stop the spread of skin fungus from one person to another. Fallen arches are not normal. Usually it happens when the tendon that holds and supports the arch (the posterior tibial tendon) weakens or tears. This tendon can weaken with age, weight gain or flat feet. The problem is very subtle at first and may just present itself as subtle aching of the inside ankle and/or arch. Another cause of this pelvic dysfunction is the stress exerted by the internal organs. As the internal organs experience distress, they affect the reflex muscles. As an example, when the adrenal glands are under stress, they may cause reflex pain to the lumbar spinal muscles.